By Dewey M. Clayton
This e-book presents an in depth research of the politics of racial redistricting, a subject matter of specific drawback in gentle of contemporary federal lawsuits. The ebook is split into components. half one examines the ancient exclusion of blacks from the yank political method and the politics at the back of congressional redistricting. The textual content makes a speciality of partisan manoeuvering and assesses whose pursuits have been being served. particularly, the publication chronicles the legislative motion (creation of majority black districts) in North Carolina and round the South. half shifts the focal point to the myriad of criminal battles that ensued due to the newly-created districts in North Carolina and round the South. Majority black districts were dismantled within the excellent court docket. This has been as a result feedback in their "arbitrary" form, and the thought that race was once thought of a main truth or of their layout. but, irregularly-shaped majority white districts haven't been accused of violating districting ideas. This e-book purports that blacks weren't elected to nationwide workplace in huge numbers sooner than the construction of majority black districts, indicating the continued want for race-conscious districting as a brief answer to a posh challenge.
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Additional resources for African Americans and the Politics of Congressional Redistricting (Race and Politics)
S. House this century when he won election from the Fourth District of Oklahoma, which has an 83 percent white population. In 1996, Julia Carson was elected from the Tenth Congressional District of Indiana, which has a 69 percent white population. Today, the CBC has expanded its membership to include not only the black members currently serving in Congress, but also nonblack associate members. The creation of majority-minority districts has helped increase the representation of African Americans at the congressional level.
The number of black state legislators increased from one senator and 11 representatives in 1983–1984 to 3 senators and 13 representatives in 1985–1986. Moreover, the end result of the Gingles decision was the Supreme Court ruling that a minority legislative district should be drawn if the following conditions were met: PANDER, SLANDER, GERRYMANDER 43 1. The minority group is sufficiently large and geographically compact to be a majority of the population in a single-member electoral district. 2.
It was not until 1967 that Congress outlawed the use of multimember congressional districts in all states entitled to two or more members of Congress. THE CENSUS AND REAPPORTIONMENT The number of congressional seats each state is accorded is determined by the population of each state. S. ” The first census was taken in 1790. After each decennial census, the Census Bureau determines the number of representatives to which each state is entitled. States that have increased their population significantly over the previous 10-year period gain a congressional seat, and states that have a substantially smaller population than that of 10 years earlier lose a congressional seat.