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By Parivash Jamzadeh

Alexander the Great's army crusade to beat the Achaemenid empire integrated a propaganda crusade to persuade the Iranians his kingship was once suitable with their non secular and cultural norms. This crusade proved such a success that the overt exhibit of Alexander's Iranian and Zoroastrian personal tastes alienated a few of his Greek and Macedonian allies. Parivash Jamzadeh indicates how this unique propaganda fabric displayed a number of layers of Iranian affects. also she demonstrates that the studied assets don't continuously provide a correct account of the modern Iranian customs, and sometimes integrated ancient inaccuracies. some of the most fascinating reveals during this examine is the confusion of historic resources that arose among the rivals Darius III and Alexander. Jamzadeh argues that the Iranian propaganda concerning Alexander the good has contributed to this confusion.

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37. 4–38. 1. , XVII. 38. 3. , XVII. 38. 1. 102 Briant 2002, 676 giving Berossus’ account. 103 Accounts of these letters and their responses also include various significant metaphors and merit a separate study. 104 Sisigambis’ attendants joyously bring her the news of Darius’ victory, telling her that the enemy had been defeated with great bloodshed and loss of baggage, for they believed that what they were witnessing was occurring everywhere and reflected the outcome of the war. Others urge Sisigambis to end her sorrow, but she remains in the same demeanour as before and utters no words.

170 She receives fair treatment from Cyrus and later manages to bring her husband and his army to Cyrus’ 165 Xenophon, Cyropaedia III. I. 2–4. , III. I. 41. 167 See above. 168 Xenophon, Cyropaedia III. I. 43. , IV. II. 29–30. , V. I. 3. 171 When getting ready to fight with Cyrus against the allied forces under Croesus, the wife also plays a role. , VI. I. 45–51. , VI. IV. 2–8. , VI. IV. 9–10. , V. IV. 10–11. 175 Cf. Roger Sherman Loomis, Arthurian Tradition and Chrētien de Troyes, New York, 1949, pp.

XII; Curtius IV. X. 23; Plutarch, Alexander XXX; Plutarch, Fortuna 338. 132 Plutarch, Alexander XXX. 133 Arrian IV. 19-6-20. 3; it is perhaps significant that Arrian next mentions Roxane who seems to have been confused with Darius’ wife at some stage. See further below the chapter XII on ‘Plight of Alexander’s family’. 134 Arrian IV. 20. 3. 32 chapter one their former great blessings except the light of thy countenance, which Lord Oromazdes will cause to shine again with lustre; nor after her death was she deprived of any funeral adornment, nay, she was honoured with the tears of enemies.

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