Download America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing PDF

By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing

The newly reunified usa skilled a tenuous peace following the yank Civil struggle. It was once a interval characterised through nice technological advances, but additionally by means of elevated political, financial, and social polarization. This penetrating examine American historical past among the Civil battle and twentieth century contains firsthand bills that display the existing ideologies of the time and make clear major humans and occasions.

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Extra resources for America Between the Civil War and the 20th Century: 1865 to 1900

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Poised to depart for America in 1630, Winthrop preached a lay sermon to his fellow emigrants in which he set forth the ideals that he believed should shape the creation of such a society. “Christian Charity,” as the sermon became known, was a restatement of the main points of the social gospel that puritan clergy had long been preaching to their flocks, John Winthrop 25 together with an application of what specifically it meant for those preparing to journey to New England. Reflecting his puritan faith, Winthrop rejected the “me first” spirit of individualism that was emerging at the time, and asserted that a person’s true meaning was to be found as a member of a community and that people should be concerned with the common good rather than their own selfish desires.

The concern extended to servants as well. ” Following the death of John Winthrop in 1649, the colonists elected Endecott as governor. He was returned to that office in all but two of the annual elections from that date until his death in 1665. Retaining his home in Salem, he found relaxation from public cares by paying attention to his farm, called Orchard Hills, and in particular to his pear trees. But to better exercise his responsibilities as governor, Endecott established a Boston residence, acquiring a home in what is now Scollay Square, though he did not transfer his church membership until 1664.

Servants who ran away were often caught and brought before the court. ” Robert Cocker was whipped and fined for contracting himself to one woman John Endecott 43 when he was already betrothed to another. In the 1640s, the court began to see cases that involved public disturbances resulting from the spread of views opposing the practice of infant baptism. Endecott earned a reputation as a strict judge in his dealings with those who offended against the established orthodoxy of the colony, one litigant complaining, “It was better to go to hell gate for mercy than to Mr.

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