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By Parsons Totten

Via strong first-person money owed, scholarly analyses and ancient facts, Century of Genocide takes at the activity of explaining how and why genocides were perpetrated through the process the 20th century. The booklet assembles a gaggle of foreign students to debate the explanations, effects, and ramifications of those genocides: from the Armenians within the Ottoman Empire; to the Jews, Romani, and the mentally and bodily handicapped throughout the Holocaust; and genocides in East Timor, Bangladesh, and Cambodia. the second one version has been totally up to date and contours new chapters at the genocide within the former Yugoslavia and the mass killing of the Kurds in Iraq, in addition to a bankruptcy at the query of even if the location in Kosovo constituted genocide. It concludes with an essay pertaining to tools of intervention and prevention of destiny genocide.

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Extra resources for A Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts, 3rd edition

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Traditionally, the social and political organization of the Hereros was fairly complex and centered around paternal and maternal groupings. The nation was divided into almost 20 different oruzo or paternal groups. Each had a chief (who generally acquired his position through inheritance), had a herd of sacred cattle (which was inalienable), and lived in a werft or village of mud and dung huts. If a werft became too large, the chief usually permitted the founding of a new and separate village, but this had to remain dependent on and subordinate to the oruzo chief.

Goering, the father of Hermann Goering, the future Reichsfeldmarschall of the Third Reich, arrived in South West Africa as Imperial Commissioner. Goering’s main task was to extend German control and influence beyond Lüderitz’s holdings by persuading the various tribal chiefs to sign treaties of protection. Kamaherero, the Herero chief, signed such a treaty on October 21, 1885. Within four years, the Herero leader repudiated this treaty. Kamaherero felt the treaty was utterly useless since it provided him with neither men, money, nor arms and equipment to protect the Herero cattle and to fight the Orlam, a neighboring tribe with whom the Herero had cattle wars.

With this in mind, he deployed his strongest units on three sides of Waterberg, while placing a weak force on the southeast. Thus, the Hereros could either stay trapped in a killing zone or fight their way out to the southeast and into the vast wastes of the Omaheke Desert. In fact, von Trotha was following the results of a study prepared by the German General Staff: “If, however, the Hereros were to break through, such an outcome of the battle could only be even more desirable in the eyes of the German Command because the enemy would seal his own fate, being doomed to die of thirst in the arid sandveld” (Grosser Generalstab, 1906–1907, 1:132).

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