By Margaret M. Miles
A better half to Greek Architecture presents an expansive assessment of the subject, together with layout, engineering, and development in addition to conception, reception, and lasting impression.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Greek Architecture
In prehistoric times the basin was a bay extending about 40 km inland from the present shore (Higgins and Higgins 1996: 109; Ghilardi et al. 2008). Sedimentation naturally turned much of the basin into dry land by the fifth century bce, but it left a body of water known as Lake Lydias (modern Lake Giannitsa) in the middle, itself reclaimed in the early twentieth century. On the shores of the shrinking Lake Lydias, Pella depended on extensive dredging to remain a viable port through the third century, when it sheltered Demetrios’ 500‐ship fleet (Hdt.
It is behind such social and political changes that we should seek the emergence of the idea of the first “urban” temples, best illustrated by the case of the Sanctuary of Apollo at Eretria. Indeed, the ritual activities once performed inside the dwellings of the ruling elite had to be transferred inside communal buildings, which may be qualified as “urban” temples. Today it is widely accepted that the presence of a temple dedicated to the cult of a polis‐divinity is a clear sign denoting the rise of the polis, since its presence presupposes the existence of communal institutions (Snodgrass 1977: 25–30; Powell 1991: 195–196).
At Corinth, Rhodes, and Syracuse, building stone was quarried very near its ultimate destination. Corinth exploited the oolitic limestone of fossil dunes that traverse the area. Extensive quarries have been explored to west and east, and evidence of quarrying is plainly visible all around the Archaic temple at the center of the site (Lolos 2002; Hayward 2003). Corinthian quarries produced a surplus, and the use of Corinthian stone at Epidauros and Delphi is well attested (Lolos 2002: 206). Long‐distance trade in high‐quality marble is evident from the sixth century forward.