By Christopher Baker
This book―the 6th quantity in The nice Cultural Eras of the Western World series―provides details on greater than four hundred people who created and performed a task within the era's highbrow and cultural task. The book's concentration is on cultural figures―those whose innovations and discoveries contributed to the medical revolution, these whose line of reasoning contributed to secularism, groundbreaking artists like Rembrandt, lesser identified painters, and individuals to paintings and music.
As the momentum of the Renaissance peaked in 1600, the Western global was once poised to maneuver from the Early glossy to the trendy period. The Thirty Years conflict led to 1648 and faith used to be not a reason for army clash. Europe grew extra secularized. prepared medical study resulted in groundbreaking discoveries, equivalent to the earth's magnetic box, Kepler's first legislation of movement, and the slide rule. within the arts, Baroque portray, song, and literature advanced. a brand new Europe used to be rising. This publication is an invaluable simple reference for college kids and laymen, with entries particularly designed for prepared reference.
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Additional info for Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720. A Biographical Dictionary
Arminius absorbed Beza's teaching and in 1588 was ordained in the Reformed Church in Amsterdam. Amid his pastoral duties, Arminius engaged in a number of theological exchanges with such figures as Francis Junius, a professor at Leiden, and William Perkins, the English Puritan. On Junius's death in 1602, Arminius became a member of the theological faculty at Leiden, prolific and controversial. It was during his time at Leiden that he developed his own theology. Arminianism, as his doctrine became known, has its roots in Arminius's reservations about the biblical basis of the predestinarian articles of the Belgic Confession (1561) and the Heidelberg Catechism (1562).
In 1599, Essex himself fell out of favor and by 1601 was plotting against the Crown. The queen ordered an investigation and Essex was brought to trial. Bacon appeared as prosecutor, and despite his former friendship, attacked Essex vigorously in court. Essex was BACON, FRANCIS 13 convicted of treason and executed. As Essex had considerable following, the queen insisted that Bacon publish an account of Essex's treason and Bacon complied. The preferment that had eluded Bacon under Queen Elizabeth was granted him under * James I.
Finally, in 1605, Bellarmine became chief papal adviser on theological matters and a permanent official of the Holy Office. Among his many writings, ranging from a Hebrew grammar to a compilation of patristic works, several manuals of catechism became standard references for centuries. Bellarmine is also famous for his involvement in the *Galileo affair of 1616. Bellarmine himself was an admirer of Galileo and his telescopic discoveries. Yet Bellarmine admonished Galileo by replying to Paolo Antonio Foscarini—a friar who had submitted a scriptural defense of Copemicanism—that the authority to interpret the Bible rested only with theologians and that such action would be considered only when demonstrative proof supporting Copemicanism was shown.