Download Ancient Ethics by Susan Suave Meyer PDF

By Susan Suave Meyer

This is often the 1st finished consultant and in basic terms sizeable undergraduate point creation to historic Greek ethics, masking the moral theories of all of the significant philosophers (including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) and colleges (Stoics, Skeptics, Epicureans, Pyrrhonism) from the earliest instances to the Hellenistic philosophers reading their major arguments and assessing their legacy.

Show description

Read Online or Download Ancient Ethics PDF

Best philosophy books

Averroes’ ‘De Substantia Orbis’: Critical Edition of the Hebrew Text with English Translation and Commentary

A suite of treatises by means of Averroes at the nature and homes of the heavens. features a severe variation of the Hebrew textual content with English translation, statement and advent.

Hegel on Self-Consciousness: Desire and Death in the Phenomenology of Spirit (Princeton Monographs in Philosophy)

Within the so much influential bankruptcy of his most crucial philosophical paintings, the Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel makes the significant and disarming assertions that "self-consciousness is wish itself" and that it attains its "satisfaction" purely in one other self-consciousness. Hegel on Self-Consciousness offers a groundbreaking new interpretation of those innovative claims, tracing their roots to Kant's philosophy and demonstrating their endured relevance for modern idea.

Gramsci and Educational Thought (Educational Philosophy and Theory Special Issues)

Via a chain of writings from foreign students, Gramsci and academic concept can pay tribute to the tutorial impact of Antonio Gramsci, one of the best social thinkers and political theorists of the twentieth century. Represents sound social idea and a huge program and reinvention of Gramsci’s ideasCovers vital components reminiscent of language and schooling, group schooling, and social paintings educationFeatures views from diverse geographical contexts

Dictionary of Non-Philosophy

Within the Dictionary of Non-Philosophy, the French philosopher François Laruelle does anything unheard of for philosophers: he presents a tremendous dictionary with a theoretical advent, conscientiously crafting his strategies to give an explanation for the varied phrases and neologisms that he deems precious for the venture of non-philosophy.

Additional info for Ancient Ethics

Sample text

Gorgias, 491e8–492a3) The ‘wisdom’ (phronesis) that Callicles here attributes to the person who is living well is quite different from the ‘using craft’ conceived of by Socrates (cf. Gorg. 521b). The great person, in Callicles’ eyes, is wise about how best to fulfill his desires, not about whether it is good or bad to get what he wants. Callicles defends this picture of the good life by invoking hedonism – the thesis that pleasure is the good (Gorg. 495a). Such a life is better, he claims, than the restrained alternative proposed by Socrates at 492e because it contains more pleasure (494a–495a).

This knowledge of good and bad, or what we might call ‘the using craft’, is what one needs, according to dialogues such as Laches and Charmides, in order to be excellent. One might then expect that the ruler’s job is to impart this knowledge to the citizens (cf. Euthd. 292c–d). But do the rulers in the city described in the Republic inculcate such knowledge in the citizens whom they are supposed to be benefiting? No clear answer is given in Books I–IV of the Republic, which we have been considering so far.

Without a firm and stable commitment to the ethical truths under examination, and without proficiency at dialectic (as practised in geometry, astronomy, and the other intellectual disciplines of the philosophical curriculum), frustration at the difficulty of finding the rationale behind such common precepts of justice as ‘return what you’ve borrowed’ or ‘keep your promises’ can lead to doubt of the precepts themselves. It might open one up to persuasion by the arguments of those who criticize justice as ‘another’s good’, thus leading to the amoralism and scepticism that were popularly feared to be the results of the kinds of inquiry inaugurated by intellectuals in the 5th century, and that led to the charges against Socrates.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.84 of 5 – based on 47 votes