By Paul Seidel
This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is an important reference for physicists and engineers in educational study in addition to in undefined.
Readers trying to find a complete evaluate on uncomplicated results regarding superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and figuring out of either high and low Tc superconductors with appreciate to their software. expertise, education and characterization are lined for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.
The major advantage of this paintings lies in its large insurance of important functions in magnets, strength engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate info on superconducting magnets for varied functions like particle physics, fusion learn, drugs, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in drugs or geophysics are
thoroughly lined, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, facets on superconductor electronic electronics, prime readers to quantum computing and new devices.
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Extra resources for Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications
Edited by Paul Seidel. © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. Published 2015 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. 2 1 Fundamentals the resistance would approach zero value at very low temperatures, was suggested by the strong decrease with decreasing temperature. Initially, Kamerlingh-Onnes studied platinum and gold samples, since at that time he could obtain these metals already with high purity. He found that during the approach of zero temperature the electric resistance of his samples reached a ﬁnite limiting value, the so-called residual resistance, a behavior corresponding to the second possibility discussed above.
2) It could approach a ﬁnite limiting value (Heinrich Friedrich Ludwig Matthiesen, 1864). 3) It could pass through a minimum and approach inﬁnity at very low temperatures (William Lord Kelvin, 1902). In particular, the third possibility was favored by the idea that at suﬃciently low temperatures the electrons are likely to be bound to their respective atoms. Hence, their free mobility was expected to vanish. The ﬁrst possibility, according to which 1) Text and ﬁgures of this chapter are a short excerpt from monographs [1, 2].
He estimated that at the boiling point of helium he could barely just detect the resistance of the mercury with his equipment, and that at still lower temperatures it should rapidly approach zero value. The initial experiments carried out by Kamerlingh-Onnes together with his coworkers, Gerrit Flim, Gilles Holst, and Gerrit Dorsman, appeared to conﬁrm these concepts. 2 K, the resistance of mercury, indeed, became immeasurably small. During his further experiments, he soon recognized that the observed eﬀect could not be identical to the expected decrease of resistance.